139: Wiebe Bijker’s Bicycles, Bakelites and Bulbs

the bicycle research project

In Of Bicycles, Bakelites, and Bulbs: Toward a Theory of Sociotechnical Change, Wiebe Bijker uses cases studies on the development of the bicycle, Bakelite, and GE’s fluorescent lamp to show that technologies have politics, but like society, they are socially constructed; “artifacts are not only shaped by the power strategies of social groups but also form the micropolitics of power, constituting power strategies and solidifying power relations.” Power relationships materialize in technologies, and the technologies themselves become embedded in politics, soexploring the social construction of particular technologies reveals the politics of technology and the relationship between technology and power.

Each of Bijker’s three case studies reveals a piece of his theory of sociotechnical change:

With the bicycle, Bijker shows how technological change is actually a social process, so the context of the invention and the meanings applied by social groups had more of an impact on the bicycle’s…

Ver la entrada original 332 palabras más

Published in: on 20 febrero 2014 at 3:13 PM  Dejar un comentario